Accent – the way in which people in a particular area, country, or social group pronounce words.
Acquisition – the process of getting something, i.e. developing language skills.
Active vocabulary – the total number of words a person uses in his own speech and writing. Compare: passive vocabulary
Advanced – a higher, more difficult level.
Antonym – a word with a meaning that is opposite to the meaning of another word. Compare: synonym
Assessment – the act of deciding or judging the value or quality of something. In this context, exams are an assessment of the level of a student’s English language skills.
Authentic materials – materials that have been produced to fulfill some social purpose in the language community.
Bilingual – able to use two language equally well.
Body language – the movements or positions of your body that show other people how you are feeling, without using words.
CALL – Computer-Assisted Language Learning.
CELTA – Certificate in English Language Teaching to Adults.
Cert. TEB – Certificate in Teaching English for Business.
Cert. TESOL – Certificate in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages.
Cert. TEYL – Certificate in Teaching English to Young Learners.
Coursebook – a book used by students when they do a particular course of study.
DELTA – Diploma in English Language Teaching to Adults.
Dialect – a form of a language that people speak in a particular part of a country, usually containing some different words and grammar.
DoS – Director of Studies.
ELT – English Language Teaching.
EOP – English for Occupational Purposes.
ESL – English as a Second Language.
ESOL – English to Speakers of Other Languages.
ESP – English for Specific Purposes.
Group work – When three or more students work together on a task. If two students work together it is called pair work.
Idiom – a group of words in a fixed order that have a particular meaning that is different from the meanings of each word on its own.
IELTS – International English Language Testing System.
Immersion – a method of teaching a second language in which the learners’ second language (L2) is the medium of classroom instruction.
Intermediate – at a medium level of difficulty.
Intonation – the sound changes produced by the rise and fall of the voice when speaking, especially when this has an effect on the meaning of what is said.
JET – Japanese Exchange and Teaching Program.
L1 – Learners’ first language, or mother tongue.
L2 – Learners’ second language.
Materials – anything that is used to help teach learners.
Monitor – language error correction method used as a learner uses ‘learnt’ knowledge to improve naturally ‘acquired’ knowledge.
Multilingualism – able to use two or more languages equally well.
Native language – Primary language spoken by an individual.
NET Scheme – Native-speaking English Teacher (NET) Scheme implemented in public-sector secondary and primary schools in Hong Kong.
Neuro-linguistic programming (NLP) – an approach to communication, personal development, and psychotherapy created by Richard Bandler and John Grinder in California, United States in the 1970s. Its creators claim a connection between the neurological processes (“neuro”), language (“linguistic”) and behavioral patterns learned through experience (“programming”) and that these can be changed to achieve specific goals in life.
Pair work – Students work in groups of two in a task.
Passive vocabulary – all the words, collectively, that a person can understand. Compare: active vocabulary
Synonym – words with the same or similar meanings. Compare: antonym
Target language – the language being learnt in language education.
TBLL – Task-based language learning, also known as task-based language teaching (TBLT) or task-based instruction (TBI) focuses on the use of authentic language and on asking students to do meaningful tasks using the target language.
Teaching aids – any device, object, or machine used by a teacher to clarify or enliven a subject.
TEFL – Teaching English as a Foreign Language.
TESL – Teaching English as a Second Language.
Text – any object that can be “read”, including literature and other objects.
TOEFL – Test Of English as a Foreign Language.
Workbook – Supplementary books to the main coursebook which are usually filled with extra practice problems, where the answers can be written directly in the book by students.